Get the full picture of content marketing in customer and business context with tons of resources to make you and your audiences succeed. Welcome to i-SCOOP’s online content marketing guide.
Content marketing is an umbrella term covering a set of strategies, techniques and tactics to fulfil business and customer goals by using the most relevant content to serve, attract, convert, retain and engage customers. Content marketing is used across the customer journey and customer life cycle but doesn’t start nor end with the customer in the strict sense. Content marketing further serves several business functions in a consistent, integrated and continuous way. It looks at the customer from a connected perspective and takes into account the content requirements of anyone serving and engaging prospects and customers.
One of the goals of content marketing is to optimize business value and audience/customer value providing and enabling the right content across the right channels in the most timely, valuable, connected, personalized and optimized way across and beyond the customer/audience life cycle.
This online content marketing guide provides an overview of what content marketing is, where it comes from, why it matters, how to get started and resources to succeed.
Table of Contents
- 1 Content marketing: what is it?
- 2 The definition of content marketing
- 3 What goals can content marketing serve?
- 4 Content marketing strategy: making a plan
- 5 Organizing and managing content marketing
- 6 Getting content marketing done: roadmaps and steps towards success
- 7 Creating a content marketing culture: identifying, capturing, managing and governing
- 8 Storytelling, content marketing and sharing
- 9 Content marketing measurement and metrics
- 10 Content marketing and different kinds of media
- 11 Content curation: overview, benefits, goals and tools
- 12 Content marketing and PR
- 13 Content marketing software
- 14 Digital content marketing
- 15 Content marketing and social
- 16 Content marketing and platforms: the corporate blog
- 17 The history of content marketing
- 18 Does content + marketing = content marketing?
Content marketing: what is it?
Content marketing is a marketing technique, covering a broad range of tactics and processes, whereby 1) content and information needs/preferences of strategically defined target audiences are analyzed, 2) content is created to serve these needs in alignment with predefined marketing goals, 3) the created content is made available, optimized and used to serve customers and business objectives in all possible areas of marketing, PR, sales (enablement) etc. in a measured and integrated way.
Content marketing isn’t new. We’ ve been practicing it since far longer than the term existed, as did many others. Research shows that the majority of organizations use content marketing, in the sense of using content for any possible marketing or customer-facing role, regardless of content format, medium or channel. What is new, though, is the way of looking at the role of content in a more strategic, planned, integrated, intelligent and customer-centric way.
Content marketing revolves around experiences: customer experiences, brand experiences, user experiences, etc. Content is the glue and trigger of interaction in a customer-centric marketing view with relevance, consistency and mutual/connected value for audiences and brand at the center. By offering value to pre-defined groups of people content creates value for the customer in the broadest sense, in tune with brand and business objectives, and leading to value for the organization.
The definition of content marketing
There are many definitions regarding content marketing. However, these definitions and the term content marketing as such have become meaningless, even if we will hear it for many years to come, until it has reached the ‘plateau of productivity’ and the term might eventually disappear as content marketing becomes mainstream.
The practices and principles of ‘good’ content marketing are here to stay, regardless of the definitions and even as content marketing – rightfully and obviously – continues to already be part of good, integrated and customer-centric marketing. In the interview on the right at our Content Marketing Conference 2014 Doug Kessler elaborates on what content marketing is and how to be successfull at it.
Instead of “selling” the concept of content marketing and debating about what it exactly means and includes, it’s best to have a no-nonsense approach, looking at the broader context of the use of valuable content in a systematic, relevant, engaging and continuous way. Content marketing in business and customer context, focused on offering value through great customer experiences, brand experiences, etc. Content that actually helps, makes a brand statement and leads to tangible results across the customer life cycle.
Doug Kessler talks about content marketing going mainstream, homerun content, content marketing ROI, how to make the difference, storytelling and the role of confidence in content marketing.
What goals can content marketing serve?
Given the fact that content plays a role in virtually all marketing techniques and tactics, there are no goals that can’t be reached using content.
However, from a content marketing perspective, we see that marketers focus on some key goals such as:
- Brand awareness.
- Lead generation.
- Lead nurturing.
- Customer retention and loyalty.
- Customer evangelism.
- Up-selling and cross-selling.
Although these are the typical goals found in content marketing research, we invite you to think out of the box and also look at the goals of your “audiences’.
Content marketing strategy: making a plan
Content marketing requires a plan. A strategy. The scope of that plan depends on numerous factors.
If you’re a small local retailer in bathroom equiment, you may limit yourself to making sure you can answer the questions of your customers and keep them loyal or make them buy more or have more people buy from you (word-of-mouth indeed). But, then again, maybe that local retailer wants to grow and decides to use content marketing for it, which is perfectly possible (no boring or small businesses).
However, an integrated content marketing approach for an internationally active, mature company, with a complex sales cycle / buying cycle, different go-to-market paths, multiple locations, different languages and multiple goals will typically have a somewhat more “complex” content marketing strategy.
If you’re new to content marketing strategy, check out “Content marketing strategy in plain English: getting started“. If you know what a content marketing strategy typically is about, click below for a more advanced overview on how to define and deploy a content marketing strategy.
Organizing and managing content marketing
Content marketing requires a strategy or plan. But it also requires some planning, resources, processes and of course also people.
How do you organize content marketing internally? What teams are involved? External contributors? Do you need someone to manage it? What are the roles and responsibilities?
These are all essential questions, especially as content marketing is not an island but it does have some very specific processes that need to be managed and orchestrated in a collaborative way.
Getting content marketing done: roadmaps and steps towards success
Content marketing success depends on the outcomes you strive for.
Usually, they are a mix of mid-term and long-term goals as content marketing is not for the short run (only). However, there is quite some low-hanging fruit, enabling you to get results fast.
Content marketing success in 7 steps
Dave Chaffey of Smart Insights collaborated with HubSpot and several content marketers, including us, to make an infographic and paper, based on the strategic framework and research of Dave Chaffey. In a step-by-step article we introduce you to different success parameters of content marketing with additional tips, quotes from the participants, the infographic and much more. A great place, providing all you need to go from plan to execution and optimiziation. It also contains a framework for content planning. Check it via the button below.
More content marketing success resources
There is no “silver bullet” or one-size-fits-all content marketing strategy, plan or success framework that applies to every organization. However, it’s certainly true that in each case, common elements exist for successful content marketing programs.
Below you can find more links to succeed in content marketing, with seven frameworks that can help you in building a content marketing program and more.
One customer-centric success approach to content marketing is “being the best answer where customers are looking” as Lee Odden explains in this video made at our Content Marketing Conference 2014.
Creating a content marketing culture: identifying, capturing, managing and governing
When you start using content marketing in a strategic and systematic way, you need to get several people on board, including various employees. Furthermore, organizations often have lots of content sitting in siloed systems and in the heads of their employees.
And, without realizing it, we are creating content the whole time.
Some examples of content ‘capturing’ opportunities you might overlook:
When product marketing or R&D are briefing other teams in meetings in calls they are essentially providing a narrative of why specific products or solutions are being launched or offered. And these reasons are always about a market need. So, when this need is explained internally, it’s a great idea to “capture” what is being said in those meetings that are often about topics that are close to the customer. Read more about the role of product marketing in “Content marketing in the real world: the role of product marketing“.
When you organize an event or participate in a tradeshow you can have speakers (internal, external), you see customers and prospects, you might have partners at your event who are close to their customers, etc. All the interactions at an event offer ample opportunities to not just identify (content) needs but also to “capture” content. Obviously, events can also be boosted and the ROI can be optimized when doing pre-event interviews or content creation, on the spot social content activities and post-event marketing.
The link between content marketing and content management
A mentality of “capturing” content in a systematic way is part of creating a content marketing culture, aligned with a customer-centric culture. But capturing (audio recordings, video, even social content) is not enough. You also need to “translate” captured content into content that’s appreciated by your audiences. And, last but not least, you need a way to manage the content you have and unlock it by making the link between content and information management on one hand (typically not the role of marketing) and your content marketing team.
It’s one of the areas where IT and business meet. A content culture is not just about marketing, it’s also about knowing where content sits, governance, collaboration, etc.
Storytelling, content marketing and sharing
Storytelling is probably one of the most heard terms in a content marketing context.
It goes hand in hand with content sharing, social content marketing, social media, copywriting, visual content, you name it. Storytelling is also closely related with word-of-mouth, recommendations and the simple act of sharing and connecting, since long before digital marketing, let alone content marketing even existed. We know why: storytelling is one of the most human ways of passing along knowledge and traditions, mesmerizing audiences and, in fact, human nature as such. What does storytelling mean in a content marketing context?
Content marketing measurement and metrics
You can find various blog posts on this website covering metrics, analytics and ROI: from overall marketing ROI to blog metrics, social media measurement and content marketing measurement.
Here are a few of them:
- Five essential principles to improve digital marketing ROI
- 10 blogging, content and social media metrics – how to improve them
- Social Media Metrics: why, what and how to measure
- Marketing ROI: the need to integrate around the customer
Measuring ROI and return of content marketing looks pretty much like measurement in general but there are some specific metrics and rules of thumb, among others, depending on content format, goal, business objective, interaction, stage in the customer life cycle, etc.
Considerations, advice and ideas on how to get started via the button below.
Content marketing and different kinds of media
An integrated content marketing strategy works best. In practice this requires a mix of channels and media. Content marketers and analysts often talk about 5 kinds of media:
- Owned, such as your website and blog.
- Earned, essentially where others talk about you.
- Shared, such as community-driven platforms and content.
- Paid, media where you pay to play.
- Converged, where everything gets connected again in our integrated perspective.
Discover examples, roles, benefits, challenges and much more of the various media to build a proper mix.
Content curation: overview, benefits, goals and tools
Curating content (and sharing it one way or another) has become very popular among consumers. It’s an often social way to categorize, analyze and filter content.
However, content curation is also being used by several organizations in a broader content marketing context.
What is it, what can it do and how do you pick the right content curation platform for your needs in case you decide to use content curation.
Content marketing and PR
Is there any marketing tactic (PR is not a marketing tactic), customer- or public-facing practice and even business function that isn’t impacted by content (marketing)? The list is long.
As we have to start somewhere, below are some evolutions in PR (in correlation with content marketing but also, for instance, social media).
Content marketing software
With the growing importance of content for marketing purposes, a range of new software platforms hit the market.
Some content marketing software looks at more practical elements (for instance search engine optimization), others are mainly about planning, collaboration and editorial calendars, a group of platforms focuses on social sharing and/or content curation, and, last but not least, there is a range of enterprise-level platforms doing it all.
In the latter category we also find platforms that are closely connected with, for instance, marketing automation platforms. The industry of content marketing software is growing fast but also evolving fast, with some players being acquired by large marketing software vendors. At the same time, we see several marketing software vendors but also content management firms and others including content marketing features.
We started categorizing them and, more importantly, provide advice on how to select what you need.
Digital content marketing
Although content marketing is not just about digital marketing, the digital dimension plays an increasing role as “digital” sources become more important in the buyer journey, the customer life cycle and – most importantly – customer behavior and preferences overall.
To emphasize this – and also because specific digital content channels, formats etc. are “different” in many aspects, as are tactics in the digital and social marketing context (from social content and search engine optimization to even online advertising) we see that more people talk about digital content marketing as a “subset”. Nevertheless, a holistic approach is important here too.
Content marketing goes hand in hand with many marketing tactics, including search engine marketing and email marketing as you can read in various articles throughout this website.
On top of a general content marketing plan and editorial calendars, organizations often make plans for specific channels, purposes and even content formats.
One of the natural allies of content marketing is social media. That’s where social content marketing comes in, among others with its specific social content strategy and social content optimization.
Content marketing and platforms: the corporate blog
In most (digital) content marketing and social media strategies, blogs play an essential role, often as the hub of social activities.
Blogs have many benefits for content marketing too. Do you need a blog for your organization? It all depends but there are many befits and reasons to at least have a corporate blog (which doesn’t mean it should be company-centric). Blogs have many inherent benefits, can serve multiple (content) marketing goals and there are dozens of good arguments to get started.
If you don’t have a blog yet but are considering one or if you want to improve your existing corporate blog, our corporate blogging guide might come in handy.
The history of content marketing
Content marketing as a term might be relatively new (it exists since the end of the nineties and was popularized in its current context around 2008-2009), the practice of content marketing most certainly isn’t.
On our content marketing definition page we put content marketing a bit in a historic perspective.
However, as content marketing is increasingly moving towards digital as mentioned earlier and the modern way of looking at content marketing is very much related with the advent of Internet, we created a separate page on these online roots and their impact on, among others, media, publishing, looking at the customer and more.
More about the history of content marketing:
Does content + marketing = content marketing?
The key question is how content marketing can offer value to your business, customers and audiences, depending on the challenges, opportunities and areas where it is used.
And this is where we encounter some pragmatic issues with the two words in the term “content marketing”, the reason why we spent quite some time defining and explaining it.
The two pragmatic issues with content marketing as a term
- The “marketing” part of content marketing can lead to confusion as content marketing is not just used for strict marketing purposes. It’s also used for sales enablement, public relations, etc. Good content marketing programs involve multiple internal customers (customer service, sales, product marketing, brand management, etc.) and content marketing is not owned by marketing (nor by PR or any other division).
- The “content” part of content marketing has been leading to numerous debates on what content exactly is. We’ll spare you those (for now) but it’s clear that it can lead to further confusion regarding the what, why, how and who of content marketing, which is already an umbrella term as such.
The essential thing to remember is that content marketing is NOT just about the marketing function.