SUBJECT-MATTER AND OBJECTIVESGDPR Article 1 – General Data Protection Regulation Article 1
1. This Regulation lays down rules relating to the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and rules relating to the free movement of personal data.
2. This Regulation protects fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons and in particular their right to the protection of personal data.
3. The free movement of personal data within the Union shall be neither restricted nor prohibited for reasons connected with the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data.
Relevant Recitals for GDPR Article 1: GDPR Recitals 1 (Personal data protection as a fundamental right), 2 (Personal data processing and fundamental rights and freedoms), 3 (Harmonisation Directive 95/46/EC), 4 (Personal data protection and other rights), 5 (Cross-border flows between Member States), 7 (Trust and control over own data), 8 (Incorporation into national law), 9 (Rationale for a replacement of Directive 95/46/EC), 10 (Consistent application and margins of manoeuvre Member States), 11 (Harmonisation of powers for monitoring, GDPR compliance enforcement and sanctions) and 12 (GDPR mandate of the European Parliament and Council).